Author Topic: The Great Orme  (Read 110060 times)

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  • Newshound
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Re: The Great Orme
« Reply #585 on: October 21, 2019, 03:45:36 PM »
THE Great Orme copper mine has been found to be much more important historically than previously believed.

Instead of being worked on a small scale over a long period it has been shown to have been at the centre of a copper boom lasting for 200 years and was the centre of international copper trade routes.

This was the result of very rich ores being discovered at the site which lead to the development of an extensive export trade being developed throughout the British Isles, including Ireland and stretching as far as the Baltic and Brittany.

Dr Alan Williams of Liverpool University, who conducted the research, said: “This was probably the earliest mining boom in British history.
“We have discovered it may have been as early as between 1600 and 1400 BC during the bronze age.

“The Great Orme mine has long been known as one of Europe’s largest, but its size had been attributed to a small scale, seasonal labour force working for nearly a millennium.

“Instead, it now appears likely that there was large scale copper production for about 200 with its metal reaching across Britain, Ireland and into continental Europe, probably involving a full-time mining community.”

He added: “The evidence for a boom period with metal reaching from Brittany to the Baltic suggests that Britain was much more linked into European bronze age trade networks than previously suspected by archaeologists despite Britain at that time having very few settlements of any size.

“The 200 years of boom is thought to have been from the very rich ores in the centre of the mine, an opencast area and the huge man-made cavern underground and was followed by several centuries of very minor production on the remaining thin minor ore veins producing very little copper.”                                                                                                                    ref Pioneer


  • Administrator
Re: The Great Orme
« Reply #586 on: October 21, 2019, 05:26:28 PM »
I'm actually working on this at the moment. It's fascinating: in or around 1300BC the Deverel–Rimbury culture prompted the mining of copper on the Orme. It’s likely that copper mining was being carried out around 2000BC since bronze artefacts have been unearthed in Wilmslow, dating back to 2000BC.

It all seems to have started around 450 million years ago. Around 450 million years ago, North Wales was home to a super volcano, with the caldera centred on Snowdon. As the huge, super continents of Laurasia and Gondwana moved towards each other to form Pangea, the landscape of North Wales was crumpled and compressed, to form not only a great super volcano but mountains higher than today’s Himalayas.

Move on 100 million years, to the period that gave the Earth its coal reserves, swamplands and dragonflies with three foot wingspans, and we see how the Orme rose from the warm, milky seas that abounded during that period, adding layer upon layer of the skeletonic remains of Cretaceous wildlife.

The Orme, as we all know, is Limestone, and together with the crumpling effect from the 400m year BC tectonic plate fissures, trillions of creatures during the Cretaceous period died, their skeletons contributing to the Orme's structure.
“Nothing is so firmly believed as that which we least know.”   ― Michel de Montaigne

Si hoc legere scis, nimis eruditionis habes.


  • Newshound
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Re: The Great Orme
« Reply #587 on: October 22, 2019, 01:00:59 PM »
I like the bit about the "warm, milky seas" , sounds like an interesting piece of research, any further facts would be appreciated.............. a bit more in the present...................

Nature conservationists are inviting the public to help shape the future of the Great Orme.

Residents and visitors are invited to a community drop in day at the Great Orme Country Park Visitor Centre on Wednesday October 30 to meet the teams who are looking after this special landscape.

At the heart of wildlife conservation on the town’s famous beauty spot is Parc Farm, owned by the National Trust. The Trust is working with Conwy County Borough Council countryside unit, nature charity Plantlife and others to develop a long term vision for the farm and the wider Orme headland, which is of international botanical importance.

The drop-in day will be held at the Great Orme Country Park Visitor Centre on Wednesday October 30, between 11am and 4pm, and refreshments will be available. Anyone who can’t make the day is invited to share their ideas on an online questionnaire: You are not allowed to view links. Register or Login                                                     

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  • Newshound
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Re: The Great Orme
« Reply #588 on: October 30, 2019, 09:55:31 AM »
Bronze age miners on the Great Orme were the leading armourers of their day, new research has revealed.

Geologists have discovered copper mined from the iconic limestone headland, in Llandudno , was used to make swords and axes, and some have even been discovered lying in European museums 3,600 years later.
This means the earliest mining boom was far earlier in British history than previously thought. and for 200 years mining was on a massive scale. cont.. You are not allowed to view links. Register or Login

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